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February 15, 2022

What is ADHD, Top 1 features & treatment

What is ADHD-A person with untreated attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has difficulty maintaining attention, managing energy levels, and controlling impulses.

In the United States, around 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults have ADHD. In some children, ADHD features begin as early as 3 years of ageTrusted Source.

Treatments for ADHD include medications, behavior management techniques, and other practical strategies. Below, we explore what ADHD is, how it affects a person, and what treatments can help

Find tips for managing ADHD during the COVID-19 pandemic.

What is ADHD?

What is ADHD,
Image credit: Catherine Delahaye/Getty Images

People with ADHD have difficulty focusing on tasks and controlling their attention, which can make completing a project, for example, challenging. ADHD can limit a person’s ability to study or work, and it can lead to stress, anxiety, and depression. Some people with ADHD also have trouble sitting still. They can quickly to act on impulse and are easily distracted.

Although children of all ages can be distracted and impulsive, these characteristics are more  noticeable in children with ADHD.

What is ADHD and features

What is ADHD can develop in one of three ways. Your doctor may find that the disorder has:

  • Presenting mostly hyperactive and impulsive.
  • Presentation is mostly inattentive.
  • A combined presentation

People with ADHD experience varying degrees of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention

Inattention

Here are some inattention-related behaviors that a person might notice in someone with ADHD:

  • Daydreaming
  • Becoming distracted and has difficulty concerntrating on tasks
  • Make a “careless” mistakes
  • Don’t seem to listen while others are talking
  • Have difficulty with organization and time management.
  • Frequent lost of everyday items
  • Avoid tasks that require concerntrationand prolonged thinking.

Having trouble following instructions

Learn more about inattention and ADHD.

What is ADHD -Hyperactivity and impulsivity

Some or all of the following may be apparent in someone with ADHD:

  • Seeming to be constantly “on-the-go” and unable to sit still.
  • Running or climbing at inappropriate times.
  • Having trouble taking turns in conversations and activities.
  • Fidgeting or tapping hands or feet.
  • Talk and make excessive noises.
  • Taking unnecessary risks.

What is ADHD -In adults

Adults and children tend to experience similar symptoms of ADHD, and these symptoms can cause difficulties in relationships and at work.

The effects of these features vary widely from person to person, and a person may find that their experience of ADHD changes over time.

Not everyone with ADHD is loud and disruptive. For example A child may be silent in class, while facing severe challenges that they do not express.

Learn more about ADHD in adults.

What is ADHD -In Women

Women with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention more likelyTrusted Source, while man are more likely to be hyperactivity and impulsive.

This may be one reason why more men than women receive an ADHD diagnosis. Hyperactivity can be easier to spot than not to notice.

Learn more about how ADHD may affect females here.

What is ADHD Diagnosis.

MostTrusted Source children with ADHD receive a diagnosis when they are in elementary school, but some may not do so until adolescence or adulthood.

There is no single test that can identify ADHD, and symptoms can overlap with symptoms of other conditions. This can make diagnosis difficult.

Your doctor will conduct tests to rule out other potential causes, such as hearing or vision problems.

Other conditions that can lead to similar behaviors include:

A doctor will often ask questions to learn more about the person’s behavioral patterns. They can talk to the individual, their family members, and any other caregivers, such as teachers. Many children are hyperactive and inattentive. To be diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms must meet specific criteria, including significant interference with daily life and schoolwork

Getting a correct diagnosis of ADHD can take time. Find out why.

Treatments

A variety of methods can help a person manage ADHD. The doctor should work with the individual to develop a treatment plan that works best for them.

The plan may include:

Behavioral therapy and counseling

A therapist or counselor can help a person develop or enhance a wide range of skills, such as:

  • building and maintaining relationships
  • Set and follow rules
  • Plan and complete tasks
  • Develope and follow a schedule
  • Monitor ADHD symptoms

Therapists can also help parents develop constructive ways to respond to the behaviors that may be caused by ADHD.

A person with ADHD may specifically benefit from:

  • Stress management
  • Behavior management techniques in the classroom
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Family therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy, commonly known as CBT, aims to help a person find new ways to approach and respond to everyday situations

Tips for supporting children

Parents, teachers, and other caregivers can help children overcome the challenges of ADHD.

Schools often have educational plans for children with ADHD, which includes specific teaching methods, classroom accommodation, and school counseling.

At home and at school, the following strategies can help:

  • Have a written schedule of all tasks
  • Break down larger tasks into smaller, more manageable ones
  • Tidy up school supplies and toys
  • Establish clear and consistent rules
  • Reward or praise the child when they complete the tasks
  • Use a planner that teachers and caregivers regularly check.

Also, encourage children to participate in activities they love and do well to boost their self-esteem. Sports and other forms of exercise can provide a high level of energy and improve a child’s overall health

Tips for adults

Reminders and alarms, calendars, and planners can help adults with ADHD manage their schedules.
You should also leave your keys and other important everyday items in specific locations

Can dietary choices make a difference? Find out here.

Causes and risk factors

Doctors don’t know what causes ADHD, but they’ve identified several risk factors, including:

Outlook

ADHD is a mental health condition that can create challenges to a person’s work, school, and home life. It usually appears in childhood.

A person does not “grow out” of ADHD, but learning management strategies can help them enjoy a fulfilling life.

Without treatment, which may include medication, a person can develop low self-esteem, depression, and problems with school, work, and relationships.

Anyone who believes a child may have ADHD should seek medical advice.

Counselors, teachers, and other members of child support networks can help children manage symptoms and maximize their chances.

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Originally posted 2021-10-17 22:24:00.

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