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February 23, 2022

What are the Early signs of type 2 diabetes

Early signs of type 2 diabetes -causes a person’s blood sugar to become too high. Recognizing the early signs and symptoms of this chronic condition can help people get treatment earlier, reducing the risk of serious complications.

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition. A 2017 reportTrusted Source from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 30.3 million adults in the United States have diabetes. The report also estimates that another 84.1 million adults in the United States have prediabetes.

People with prediabetes have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but doctors have not considered them to have diabetes. According to CDCTrusted Source, people with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if they don’t get treatment.

The onset of type 2 diabetes can be gradual and symptoms can be mild in the early stages. As a result, many people may not realize that they have this condition.

In this article, we look at the early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes and the importance of an early diagnosis. We also discuss the risk factors for developing this condition

Early signs of type 2 diabetes and symptoms

Early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

1. Frequent urination

When blood sugar is high, the kidneys try to get rid of the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This can lead to a person needing to urinate more often, especially at night.

2. Increased thirst

Frequent urination is necessary to get rid of excess sugar in the blood that can cause the body to lose extra water. Over time, this can cause dehydration and lead to a person feeling more thirsty than usual.

3. Always feeling hungry

early signs of type 2 diabetes

The digestive system breaks down food into a simple sugar called glucose, which is used by the body for fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the blood into the body’s cells.

As a result, people with type 2 diabetes often feel constantly hungry, no matter how much they’ve eaten recently..

4. Feeling very tired

Type 2 diabetes can affect a person’s energy levels and make them feel very tired or fatigued. This tiredness occurs because not enough sugar moves from the blood into the body’s cells.

5. Blurry vision

Excess sugar in the blood can damage the small blood vessels in the eye, causing blurred vision. This blurred vision can occur in one or both eyes and can come and go.

If a person has diabetes that is left untreated, damage to these blood vessels can become more severe and eventually permanent vision loss.

6. Slow healing of cuts and wounds

High blood sugar can damage the body’s nerves and blood vessels, which can impair blood circulation. As a result, even small cuts and wounds can take weeks or months to heal. Slow-healing wounds also increase the risk of infection.

7. Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet

High blood sugar can affect blood circulation and damage the body’s nerves. In people with type 2 diabetes, this can lead to pain or tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.

This condition is called neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and lead to more serious complications if a person does not have their diabetes treated.

8. Patches of dark skin

Patches of dark skin forming on the creases of the neck, armpit, or groin can also signify a higher risk of diabetes. These patches may feel very soft and velvety.

This skin condition is known as acanthosis nigricans

9. Itching and yeast infections

Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for yeast, which can lead to infection. Yeast infections tend to occur on moist areas of skin, such as the mouth, genital area, and armpits.

The affected areas are often itchy, but a person may also experience burning, redness, and pain.

Importance of early diagnosis

early signs of type 2 diabetes


An early diagnosis may help prevent complications.

Recognizing the early signs of type 2 diabetes can help people get diagnosed and treated earlier. Appropriate treatment, lifestyle changes, and blood sugar control can significantly improve a person’s health and quality of life and reduce the risk of complications.

Without treatment, persistently high blood sugar can lead to serious and sometimes life-threatening complications, including:

  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • nerve damage, or neurological disease
  • foot problems
  • kidney disease, which can lead to a person needing dialysis
  • eye disease or loss of vision
  • sexual problems in both men and women

Untreated diabetes can also lead to hyperosmolar hyperglycemia syndrome (HHNS), which causes severe and persistent increases in blood sugar. Illness or infection will often trigger HHNS, which may require hospitalization. This sudden complication tends to affect older people.

Keeping blood sugar levels under control is important to prevent some of these complications. The longer your blood sugar is left unchecked, the higher your risk of other health problems.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Anyone can develop type 2 diabetes, but certain factors can increase a person’s risk. These risk factors include includeTrusted Source:

  • 45 years or older
  • Live a sedentary lifestyle
  • Overweight or obese
  • Eat an unhealthful diet
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Have a history of gestational diabetes, heart disease or stroke
  • having prediabetes
  • Are African American, Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Asian American, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander

Takeaway

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar. Early signs and symptoms may include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.

Anyone experiencing possible signs and symptoms of diabetes should see a doctor for an evaluation, especially if they have other risk factors for developing the condition. Early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes can improve a person’s quality of life and reduce the risk of severe complications.

Having a support system that understands what it feels like to be diagnosed with and living with type 2 diabetes is important. T2D Healthline is a free app that provides support through live chats and live group discussions with the people who receive it. Download the app for iPhone or Android.

Read the article in Spanish.

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Originally posted 2021-10-23 13:16:09.

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