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February 9, 2022

Nausea and GERD symptoms with causes

GERD symptoms – nausea can occur from acid reflux, which is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It can also be the result of other conditions, such as anxiety, stress, and motion sickness.

GERD is a common digestive disorder in which acid, food, or liquid travels from the stomach up into the esophagus

Nausea is a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort in the stomach. Although the severity of nausea can range from uncomfortable to debilitating, some medically approved treatments can reduce or eliminate the feeling of nausea caused by acid reflux. This article takes a more detailed look at GERD, nausea, and some of its remedies

What is GERD?

GERD symptoms
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GERD is a chronic condition in which stomach acid and food particles travel from the stomach up the esophagus.

Physiological reflux normally occurs to varying degrees after eating a meal. These physiological events occur over a short period of time and do not cause any symptoms.

Pathological GERD can occur for many reasons, including:

• Certain dietary habits

• Certain lifestyle habits, such as eating late at night

• Fat

• Deterioration or injury affecting the lower esophageal sphincter that prevents it from working properly to prevent stomach contents from refluxing

• The presence of a gastric hernia, such as a hiatal hernia

Is it heartburn or GERD?

Many people experience gastroesophageal reflux (GER) from time to time. These substances can cause a burning sensation or,  heartburn, in the center of the chest and move up the throat.

This tends to happen because esophageal tissues are sensitive to stomach acid and can suffer long-term damage.

However, if a person has acid reflux more than twice per week, the condition is more likely to have GERD. Symptoms are often severe and can disrupt daily life or keep a person awake at night

Why does GERD cause nause?

It’s not clear why GERD tends to cause nausea, although it may be related to how acid reflux occurs.

In general, after a person absorbs liquid or food, the lower esophageal sphincter closes to prevent any food particles or stomach acid from backing up into the esophagus.

However, when the lower esophageal sphincter is not working properly, a person may experience acid reflux. In turn, acid reflux can lead to a sour taste in a person’s mouth, along with coughing or belching. This can lead to nausea

Digestive disorders

GERD is one of the digestive disorders that can cause nausea. Common disorders include:

Related symptoms

Often, nausea is not the only symptom of a chronic digestive disorder. A person may also experience:

• Bloating or gas

• Bloating or belching

• Heartburn or indigestion

• Diarrhea, constipation or both

• Abdominal pain and cramps

• A reaction or intolerance to a particular food or food group

Treatments for digestive disorders will vary depending on the cause. It may involve a combination of medications, dietary or lifestyle changes, and medical procedures

What are the symptoms of GERD?

There are several symptoms associated with GERD, but the most common is chronic, severe heartburn.

Other symptoms may include:

• Pain when swallowing

• Enamel erosion and tooth decay

• Bad breath

• Difficulty swallowing

When to seek medical advice

A person should seek medical advice immediately if they experience any of the following:

• No change in symptoms despite taking over-the-counter (OTC) antacids

• Difficulty swallowing or swallowing

• Nausea

• Vomiting

• A globus sensation or a feeling that something is stuck in the throat

• Weight loss

• Loss of appetite

Can GERD cause complications?

If left untreated, GERD can develop into more serious conditionsTrusted Source, including:

  • esophagitis, or inflammation of the tissues lining the esophagus, which can cause ulcers or bleeding
  • benign esophageal stricture, in which the esophagus narrows and interferes with swallowing
  • Barrett’s esophagus, associated with cell changes that can lead to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, a type of cancer

Medication side effects

If a person takes medications for GERD — such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), antacids, or H2 blockers — there can be side effects.

These may include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Headache
  • Stomachache

Taking PPIs can also increase your risk of developing a serious intestinal infection caused by a bacteria called Clostridioides difficile

Risk factors

Some risk factorsTrusted Source for GERD include:

Nonsurgical remedies

In most cases, people can control GERD with lifestyle changes, medication, and home remedies.

Lifestyle changes

Some lifestyle changesTrusted Source that may help treat GERD include:

• Lose weight, if any, or maintain a healthy weight

• Quitting smoking

• Keep your head up when you sleep

• Eat meals at least 3 hours before lying down or going to bed

• Follow a healthy, balanced diet

• Always have enough water

• Avoid or limit foods and beverages that cause or worsen GERD symptoms

• Eat smaller meals

• Avoid carbonated or fizzy drinks

Surgery

If GERD doesn’t improve with medication or lifestyle changes, noninvasive procedures or surgery may be needed. Surgery may be the best option if someone does not want long-term medication.

Some common proceduresTrusted Source for treating GERD include:

  • Fundoplication: This is the most common type of surgery for GERD. It involves a surgeon stitching the upper part of the stomach around the end of the esophagus to put more pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter. This may be a form of open surgery, or the surgeon may perform a laparoscopy, using a very small lighted tube that they insert through a series of small cuts.
  • Bariatric surgery: This type of surgery, also known as gastrectomy, can improve weight loss and GERD symptoms. It reduces the size of the stomach.
  • Endoscopy: This noninvasive procedure uses a flexible camera to help your doctor evaluate your stomach and esophagus and make a diagnosis of GERD. The procedure can be therapeutic, such as during the application of radiofrequency ablation to the area of ​​the esophagus that affects Barrett’s esophagus.

Prevention

Avoiding or limiting certain foods and drinks may help manage GERD symptoms, including any associated nausea.

Some foods and drinksTrusted Source that may trigger or worsen GERD symptoms include:

  • alcohol
  • acidic items, such as tomatoes and citrus
  • coffee and other sources of caffeine
  • chocolate
  • fatty or fried foods
  • mint
  • spicy foods

Summary

GERD symptoms include severe, chronic heartburn, feelings of nausea, and regurgitation.

A person may be able to manage the condition by making lifestyle changes and taking OTC or prescription medications. Some people may require surgery.

If a person experiences unexplained chest pain or pressure or a sensation of trapped stomach contents in the esophagus, they need immediate medical attention

Source link

Originally posted 2021-10-06 11:18:52.

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